What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. Adopted by the IDA Board of Directions, Nov. 12, 2002.
Fact: Dyslexia makes it challenging to break down words. Symptoms sometimes include flipping letters around. But reversing letters isn’t always a sign of dyslexia. (Young kids who don’t have dyslexia often do this too.) Nor is it the only problem associated with it. People with dyslexia may have trouble with a number of skills, including writing, spelling, speaking and socializing. (Understood.org).
*NOTE-Dyslexia is not a visual processing disorder. It is a language-based learning disability.